Utah Public Records

Utah’s freedom of information act is known as the Utah Government Records Access and Management Act, Utah Code Title 63G, Chapter 2. The Utah Government Records Access and Management Act refers to a series of laws that are intended to ensure that the public has access to records created by or maintained by public bodies. These records are supposed to open for inspection by any member of the public. Some documents are exempt. Exemptions are limited to those records that include private information about individuals and government employees; records that are protected because their release could result in security problems; and records that could lead to financial speculation, instability, or unfair competition. You do not have to provide a purpose to request records in Utah, and any member of the public can make the request. The government has 10 days to respond to requests.

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Public & Vital Records for Counties in Utah

More About Utah

Utah is one of the larger states, physically, in the United States; it is ranked number thirteen in terms of area. However, it is one of the less densely populated states and is only the 31st-most populated state, which makes in the tenth least-populated state. However, there are two areas in Utah that are relatively densely populated: the Wasatch Front, which is in the north-central part of the state, and Washington County in Southern Utah. Utah is bordered by Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, Arizona, New Mexico, and Nevada. It is known as a tourist destination because of skiing and outdoor activities, is well-known for its large Mormon population, and has growing economies in diverse areas. If you want to conduct a background check on a person in Utah, you may want to check other states as well.

Public Records in UT

Utah is one of very few states that provides a centralized portal for accessing state public records. It offers a portal for making public records requests from various state agencies, including cities and towns, counties, state agencies, schools, transit districts, special service districts, local districts, and interlocals. It also offers access to data sets that are publicly available and reusable.

Property Records

Utah has the same three types of property records as other states in the U.S.: land records, deed records, and property tax records. However, as a newer state, Utah’s history of land grants is not as extensive as the history you find in other states. These three types of records may contain references to one another, but are generally broken down into categories. Land records show the conveyance from a public entity, such as the federal or state government, to a private landowner. Deed records show conveyances from one private landowner to another private landowner as well as anything impacting title, such as mortgages or liens. Property tax records usually contain a description of the property and ownership information, as well as information about whether the taxes on the property are current.

Land Records

The Utah Division of Archives and Records Service is your go-to location for information on land records in Utah. Even if you are familiar with how to search land records in other states, you may need to look for additional information in Utah. That is because the nineteenth century federal government policy of transferring public lands to private ownership as quickly as possible to encourage western expansion established a federal way of transferring land to private owners, which was in place before Utah was settled. However, after Utah was settled, the territorial government led by Brigham Young established a different system of land distribution. The federal and territorial systems were used at different times in Utah’s history. Therefore, you need to search both types of records to find all land records.

Property Tax Records

Although the Utah State Tax Commission contains information about property taxes in Utah, most real property taxes are locally assessed. This means that local county tax assessors are responsible for assessing property taxes and for maintaining property tax records. To find that information, you need to look at the assessor’s office in the county in which the land is located.

Deed Records

In Utah, the county recorder in each county is responsible for recording and maintaining records of conveyances of land between private individuals (deeds); encumbrances on the land such as easements, liens, or mortgages; and any other instrument that can impact title to real property. To find a deed record, you need to contact the recorder of the county in which the land is located.

UT Vital Records

The Utah Department of Health Vital Records and Statistics division is responsible for maintaining vital statistics for the state of Utah. In Utah, the following events are considered vital statistics: birth, adoption, death, marriages, and divorces.

Birth Records

In Utah, ordering a birth certificate can be done in a number of ways: on-line, in person, or by mail. Birth certificates can only be requested by the person of record, an immediate family member, a legal guardian, or a designated legal representative, but become public after 100 years.

Death Records

You can order a Utah death certificate: on-line, in person at the Utah Vital Records and Statistics in Salt Lake or at the local health department, or by mail. Death certificates can only be requested by immediate family members, legal guardians, or legal representatives, but become public after 50 years.

Marriage Records

You can order some Utah a marriage certificates on-line, in-person, or by mail from Utah Vital Records and Statistics. However, some marriages are only available locally; Utah Vital Records and Statistics only has marriages from 1978 to 2010. To get marriage records for marriages before or after those dates, you must visit the county clerk in the county where the marriage occurred.

Divorce Records

Utah has some divorce records, similar to a divorce certificate, available from the Vital Records and Statistics. If available, you can order these records, but will need to visit the court that granted the divorce to obtain a divorce decree. If you order the divorce certificates, you can do so by mail, in person, or on-line. For divorce records in the years prior to 1978 or after 2010, you must visit the district court where the divorce was finalized.

Learn About Criminal Records in Other States

Learn about Utah criminal records, UT Property Records, or read about public records in another state from the list below: